How Do Custom Rims Affect the Performance of Your Vehicle?
To every car enthusiast, getting a new pair of aftermarket or custom rims to replace the factory ones are the first step taken in modifying a car. While replacing the factory rims with bigger, sportier rims makes the car look better, it also affects its performance. Depending on the dimensions of the factory rims and the ones of the custom rims, you can either improve or decrease the performance of you vehicle. Here are some of the things to consider before replacing your factory rims.
Nothing feels better than driving a brand new car off the lot, and most of that comfort is accredited to the suspension and tires of that car. The tires, along with the suspension system provide cushion for all the bumps and uneven roads you pass through. The bigger the size of the rims you get, the thinner the tires you can put on them to compensate for the rim size. So going to a smaller series tires (from a 55 to a 40 series) would lessen that cushion and make the ride a little bit bumpier. Likewise, going for a higher series tire (from a 45 to a 55 series) would provide for a softer ride.
Rims and tires can also affect the handling of a car because of the width, weight and tire thickness. Aftermarket or custom rims come in different widths, and going with a wider rim than the factory ones would increase the surface contact of the tires with the road and also make it a little harder to turn the wheel of the car. Likewise, going with bigger rim sizes than factory ones (hence thinner mounted tires) would also require more effort to turn the wheels.
The weight on the other hand affects the performance in 2 ways, in handling and gas consumption. In terms of handling, going with heavier rims would make it a little harder to turn and maneuver the car. This is already on top of the added effort needed to do so if you went with bigger and wider rims. Heavier tires also require more torque or power to get them rolling so you in turn use up more gas to move your car, as well as more power to stop them from moving which adds more stress on your braking system.
Overall, a car enthusiast may still find that the pros of going with aftermarket or custom rims may outweigh the cons and replace their factory rims. There are many things to consider when changing rims, such as the size, weight, width, offset, and tire dimensions. So, if you are planning on changing rims, it would be best to inquire with the car manufacturer regarding their recommended tire and rim specifications. This way, you know what sizes you can put on your car and what to avoid.
Going with rims and tires that are not recommended or deemed safe by the manufacturer will not only negatively affect vehicle performance but may even cause serious damage to the car. So always remember to keep safe and use the right rim specifications!